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Hemorrhoids are swollen veins that develop in the anal canal. Bleeding during bowel movements, itching, and rectal pain are the most common symptoms. Hemorrhoids can be uncomfortable at times, but rarely are they a serious problem.
Most of the time, you can treat them with simple changes to your diet and bowel habits. These changes include eating more fibre and not straining to pass stools. Most hemorrhoids don't need surgery or other treatment unless they are very large and painful or bleed a lot.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
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Current as of: March 22, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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