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Leptospirosis is an infection caused by bacteria. People usually get it by drinking or swimming or wading in fresh water that has the bacteria in it. The most common source of the bacteria is urine from infected animals. Leptospirosis can cause a high fever, a bad headache, a cough, chills, and muscle aches. You also may have nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and a rash. If not treated, you may develop other symptoms, such as skin bruises and eye problems.
Antibiotics can cure the infection. It is important to get treatment, because this disease can cause organ damage. With antibiotics and care at home, you should get better in a few days or weeks.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if you have any problems.
Current as of: October 31, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Leslie Tengelsen PhD, DVM - Zoonotic Disease
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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