Seizure in Children Without Fever or Known Seizure Disorder: Care Instructions

Skip to the navigation
A child's brain

Your Care Instructions

A seizure is a brief, abnormal change in the brain's electrical activity. Seizures can cause a range of problems. Not all seizures cause shaking (convulsions). During some types, your child may stare into space. He or she may look normal but may not seem to hear you.

Many things can cause seizures. When a seizure is not caused by a fever, the cause could be very low blood sugar. Or the cause could be a head injury. A seizure also can be a sign of epilepsy. It can cause seizures that may come back now and then. Other things, such as abnormal heart rhythms or anxiety, can cause symptoms that look like seizures.

One seizure does not mean that your child has a serious health problem. But you should watch for more seizures. Call your doctor or nurse call line if any occur. The doctor may need to do more tests and treatment.

The doctor has checked your child carefully, but problems can develop later. If you notice any problems or new symptoms, get medical treatment right away.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • If your child has another seizure:
    • Protect your child from injury. Ease your child to the floor.
    • Turn your child onto his or her side, which will help clear the mouth of any vomit or saliva. This will help keep the tongue from blocking your child's airflow. Keeping your child's head and chin forward also will help keep the airway open.
    • If your child is very small, lay him or her face down on your lap instead of on the floor.
    • Loosen your child's clothing.
    • Do not put anything in your child's mouth to stop tongue-biting. Putting something in the mouth could injure you or your child.
    • Try to stay calm. It will help calm your child. Comfort your child with quiet, soothing talk.
    • Note the date and time of day that the seizure occurred. Write down details about what happened before and during the seizure. Include what your child ate before the seizure or what he or she was doing.
  • The doctor may give your child medicine that prevents seizures. Have your child take medicines exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think your child is having a problem with his or her medicine. You will get more details on the specific medicines your doctor prescribes.

When should you call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • Your child has another seizure during the same illness.
  • Your child has new symptoms. These may include weakness or numbness in any part of the body.

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • Your child is not acting normally after the seizure.

Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • Your child does not get better as expected.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

Enter A634 in the search box to learn more about "Seizure in Children Without Fever or Known Seizure Disorder: Care Instructions".