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A vasectomy is surgery that makes a man unable to father a child. The doctor cuts and ties or seals the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the penis (the vas deferens). The fluid released when you ejaculate (semen) will no longer contain sperm. A woman cannot get pregnant if there are no sperm to fertilize her egg.
To reach the vas deferens, the doctor will make either a small cut (incision) or a tiny puncture in both sides of the scrotum. You will be awake during the surgery, but you will get medicine to help you relax.
A vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control. Before you have the surgery, you should be sure you no longer want to have children.
A vasectomy will not change your ability to have sex or your sex drive. You will still be able to enjoy sex in the same way as before.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: February 10, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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