Testicular Cancer: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Male reproductive system

Testicular cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow out of control in the testicles (testes). The testes are male sex organs that make and store sperm. The testes also make the male sex hormone testosterone. Testicular cancer can be cured most of the time, especially if it is found early.

Treatment involves surgery to remove the affected testicle. If the cancer has spread to another part of the body, you may have radiation or chemotherapy to kill the cancer cells. Some people will have surgery to remove cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as to lymph nodes.

Finding out that you have cancer is scary. You may feel many emotions and may need some help coping. Seek out family, friends, and counsellors for support. You also can do things at home to make yourself feel better while you go through treatment. Call the Canadian Cancer Society (1-888-939-3333) or visit its website at www.cancer.ca for more information.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Take your medicines exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor or nurse call line if you think you are having a problem with your medicine. You may get medicine for nausea and vomiting if you have these side effects.
  • Eat healthy food. If you do not feel like eating, try to eat food that has protein and extra calories to keep up your strength and prevent weight loss. Drink liquid meal replacements for extra calories and protein. Try to eat your main meal early.
  • Get some physical activity every day, but do not get too tired. Keep doing the hobbies you enjoy as your energy allows.
  • Take steps to control your stress and workload. Learn relaxation techniques.
    • Share your feelings. Stress and tension affect our emotions. By expressing your feelings to others, you may be able to understand and cope with them.
    • Consider joining a support group. Talking about a problem with your spouse, a good friend, or other people with similar problems is a good way to reduce tension and stress.
    • Express yourself through art. Try writing, crafts, dance, or art to relieve stress. Some dance, writing, or art groups may be available just for people who have cancer.
    • Be kind to your body and mind. Getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, and taking time to do things you enjoy can contribute to an overall feeling of balance in your life and can help reduce stress.
    • Get help if you need it. Discuss your concerns with your doctor or counsellor.
  • If you are vomiting or have diarrhea:
    • Drink plenty of fluids (enough so that your urine is light yellow or clear like water) to prevent dehydration. Choose water and other caffeine-free clear liquids. If you have kidney, heart, or liver disease and have to limit fluids, talk with your doctor before you increase the amount of fluids you drink.
    • When you are able to eat, try clear soups, mild foods, and liquids until all symptoms are gone for 12 to 48 hours. Other good choices include dry toast, crackers, cooked cereal, and gelatin dessert, such as Jell-O.
  • Take care of your urinary tract to prevent problems such as infection. Limit drinks with caffeine, drink plenty of fluids, and urinate every 3 to 4 hours.
  • If you have not already done so, prepare an advance care plan. An advance care plan provides instructions to your doctor and family members about what kind of care you want if you become unable to speak or express yourself.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You vomit for more than 24 hours and you are not able to keep down fluids.
  • You have a fever not caused by the flu or other illness.
  • You have blood in your urine.
  • You notice a swelling or lump in one or both of your testes, with or without pain.
  • You feel heaviness in your scrotum.
  • You have a dull feeling of pain in your belly, groin, or lower back.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You are not able to eat well and are losing weight.
  • You feel more tired than usual.

Where can you learn more?

Go to http://www.healthwise.net/ed

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