Haemophilus Influenzae Type B (Hib) Vaccine for Children: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine protects against a brain infection caused by Haemophilus influenzae bacteria. An infection by these bacteria can cause deafness and brain damage. It can also cause heart damage and pneumonia.

Your child gets the Hib vaccine as part of the DTaP-IPV-Hib shot, which is given 5 times before your child is 2 years old. But a child age 5 years or older may need a booster Hib shot if he or she has sickle cell disease, cochlear implants, or conditions that affect the immune system.

Common side effects after the Hib vaccine include soreness at the injection site and a mild fever. Your child may feel fussy or tired. Side effects most often occur within 3 days of the shot. They last a short time.

Your child should not get a second dose of the vaccine if the first dose caused a bad reaction.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • Give acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) if your child has a slight fever after the Hib shot. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 18. It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.
  • If your child is under age 2 or weighs less than 11 kilograms, follow your doctor's advice about the amount of medicine to give your child.
  • Put ice or a cold pack on the sore area for 10 to 20 minutes at a time. Put a thin cloth between the ice and your child's skin.

When should you call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • Your child has symptoms of a severe allergic reaction. These may include:
    • Sudden raised, red areas (hives) all over the body.
    • Swelling of the throat, mouth, lips, or tongue.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Passing out (losing consciousness). Or your child may feel very light-headed or suddenly feel weak, confused, or restless.
  • Your child has a seizure.

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • Your child has symptoms of an allergic reaction, such as:
    • A rash or hives (raised, red areas on the skin).
    • Itching.
    • Swelling.
    • Belly pain, nausea, or vomiting.
  • Your child has a high fever.
  • Your child cries for 3 hours or more within 2 to 3 days after getting the shot.

Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if your child has any problems.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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Current as of: August 9, 2016