Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine protects against a brain infection caused by Haemophilus influenzae bacteria. An infection by these bacteria can cause deafness and brain damage. It can also cause heart damage and pneumonia.
Your child gets the Hib vaccine as part of the DTaP-IPV-Hib shot, which is given 5 times before your child is 2 years old. But a child age 5 years or older may need a booster Hib shot if he or she has sickle cell disease, cochlear implants, or conditions that affect the immune system.
Common side effects after the Hib vaccine include soreness at the injection site and a mild fever. Your child may feel fussy or tired. Side effects most often occur within 3 days of the shot. They last a short time.
Your child should not get a second dose of the vaccine if the first dose caused a bad reaction.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if your child has any problems.
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Current as of:
February 9, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
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