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Contact and droplet precautions are steps that healthcare facility visitors and staff need to follow when going into or leaving a patient’s room. They help stop germs from spreading so other people don’t get sick. Contact and droplet precautions are for patients who have germs that can spread:
There will be a sign at the door. It tells healthcare facility visitors and staff what they need to do before going into the patient’s room and when they leave the room.
Speak to a nurse before your first visit and before you bring children. There may be limits on who can visit the patient.
When a patient is on contact and droplet precautions, there are certain situations where you may be required to leave the room or put on a different mask.
If you wear religious or cultural head coverings, find tips for wearing a mask and eye protection.
If you’re visiting a patient who has diarrhea, clean your hands with soap and water, not hand sanitizer, when you leave their room.
If you’re not wearing a gown and gloves, start at step 4. If you’re wearing a gown and gloves:
A patient on contact and droplet precautions may leave their room only if necessary (for example, to go for a medical test). They must wear a mask at all times when they’re out of their room.
To see this information online and learn more, visit MyHealth.Alberta.ca/health/pages/conditions.aspx?Hwid=custom.ab_isolation_contactdrplet_inst_adult.
Contact and droplet isolation precautions
For 24/7 nurse advice and general health information call Health Link at 811.
Current as of: Feb 1, 2023
Author: Infection Prevention and Control, Alberta Health Services
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.