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Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children


Diabetes Canada recommends screening for type 2 diabetes every 2 years for some children. If your child is at risk for developing type 2 diabetes, yearly screening may be done. Children who have not reached puberty and have 3 or more risk factors should be screened. Children who have reached puberty and have 2 or more risk factors should screened. Risks include:footnote 1

  • Having extra weight.
  • Having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes.
  • Having a birth parent who developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child.
  • African, Arab, Asian, Hispanic, Indigenous, or South Asian descent.
  • Signs of not being able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions linked with it. These include:
  • Using certain antipsychotic medicines.
  • Having prediabetes (also called impaired glucose tolerance or impaired fasting glucose).



  1. Diabetes Canada Clinical Practice Guidelines Expert Committee, et al. (2018). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 42(Suppl 1): S247–S254. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcjd.2017.10.037. Accessed October 15, 2018.


Adaptation Date: 6/14/2023

Adapted By: Alberta Health Services

Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services

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