Vertigo: Care Instructions
Your Care Instructions
Vertigo is the feeling that you or your surroundings are moving when there is no actual movement. It is often described as a feeling of spinning, whirling, falling, or tilting. Vertigo may make you vomit or feel nauseated. You may have trouble standing or walking and may lose your balance.
Vertigo is often related to an inner ear problem, but it can have other more serious causes. If vertigo continues, you may need more tests to find its cause.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
How can you care for yourself at home?
- Do not lie flat on your back. Prop yourself up slightly. This may reduce the spinning feeling. Keep your eyes open.
- Move slowly so that you do not fall.
- If your doctor recommends medicine, take it exactly as directed.
- Do not drive while you are having vertigo.
Certain exercises, called Brandt-Daroff exercises, can help decrease vertigo. To do Brandt-Daroff exercises:
- Sit on the edge of a bed or sofa and quickly lie down on the side that causes the worst vertigo. Lie on your side with your ear down.
- Stay in this position for at least 30 seconds or until the vertigo goes away.
- Sit up. If this causes vertigo, wait for it to stop.
- Repeat the procedure on the other side.
- Repeat this 10 times. Do these exercises 2 times a day until the vertigo is gone.
When should you call for help?
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
- You passed out (lost consciousness).
- You have symptoms of a stroke. These may include:
- Sudden numbness, tingling, weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
- Sudden vision changes.
- Sudden trouble speaking.
- Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.
- Sudden problems with walking or balance.
- A sudden, severe headache that is different from past headaches.
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
- Vertigo occurs with a fever, a headache, or ringing in your ears.
- You have new or increased nausea and vomiting.
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
- Vertigo gets worse or happens more often.
- Vertigo has not gotten better after 2 weeks.
Where can you learn more?
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter W717 in the search box to learn more about "Vertigo: Care Instructions".
Current as of: September 8, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine