Algae are a group of very small (microscopic) organisms which often live in water.
Source: Ron Zurawell, Alberta Environment
Blue-green algae (also called cyanobacteria) are a type of bacteria found in many lakes, ponds, and reservoirs. These bacteria can multiply a lot in the summer, which causes extensive growths called blooms. Algae often form when conditions are calm, and they look like scum on the surface of water. The algae can be blue-green or greenish-brown and often smell musty or grassy.
Some bloom-forming types of blue-green algae produce toxins. When toxic blooms die and decay, toxic chemicals may be released into the water. Most toxins are degraded within 2 weeks, but can be in the water at low levels for many months after a bloom forms. Some blooms are so bad that they cause livestock deaths. Some blooms don’t contain toxins, but you can’t tell if a bloom is harmful or not from how it looks. If you see a bloom, always take precautions as if it is toxic.
Children might be more at risk for getting sick from blue-green algae because they often spend more time in the water and may swallow contaminated water by accident.
drink water with blue-green algae, it can cause:
Treat all algae blooms with caution. Call Health Link at 811 if you have been in contact with water that has blue-green algae and are having symptoms.
Although lakes are often a good source of drinking water for livestock and pets, lakes contaminated with blue-green algae can be deadly if algae toxins are present. Some illnesses and deaths of livestock and wildlife have been linked to animals drinking water containing blue-green algae. Keep animals away from natural water sources that contain algal blooms because animals aren’t concerned about how water looks or smells before they drink it. Don’t let animals eat whole fish or trimmings (any waste from filleting a fish including the head, bones, intestines, or skin) from affected lakes.
Don’t use water with blue-green algae to water edible plants (especially plants with edible parts exposed to the ground surface like cabbage, lettuce, tomatoes, and other salad vegetables). It's not known if fruits and vegetables absorb toxins from algae-contaminated water.
Boiling water doesn’t remove blue-green algae toxins. Don’t cook with water that might contain blue green algae.
You can safely eat fish fillets from lakes affected by blue-green algae. You might want to limit how much whole fish and trimmings (any waste from filleting a fish including head, bones, intestines, or skin) you eat, because it is known that fish store toxins in their livers.
Testing is being done on the livers of fish from Alberta lakes. These test results may inform future updates to the fish consumption advisory messages.
If you have any questions, contact
Environmental Public Health.
Current as of: July 11, 2017
Author: Environmental Public Health, Alberta Health Services