Glucagon is a hormone that raises blood sugar levels. It is made by the pancreas. It is also available in a low blood sugar emergency kit.
People with diabetes sometimes get very low blood sugar. A glucagon shot raises a person's blood sugar quickly. A person needs a glucagon shot if he or she has a very low blood sugar level and is unconscious. A person also needs a shot if he or she can't or won't drink or eat something that contains sugar.
If someone close to you has diabetes, you may need to give the person a shot of glucagon during a low blood sugar emergency.
A glucagon emergency kit has a syringe that contains liquid (a diluent). The kit also has a bottle that contains the medicine.
Any time a person who has diabetes gets glucagon, he or she should talk to a doctor to try to find out what caused the low blood sugar. Possible causes include too much insulin, a missed meal, or insulin injected into a blood vessel. Other causes can be an illness other than diabetes, liver or kidney damage, a new medicine, or exercise.
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Current as of: March 13, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
& Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & A. Evan Eyler, MD, MPH - Family Medicine, Psychiatry
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