Learning About Infertility Testing

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What is infertility testing?

Infertility tests help find out why a woman cannot get pregnant. These tests include a physical examination, semen analysis, blood tests, and other procedures.

Many of these tests are done in your doctor's office or clinic. Some other procedures may be done in a hospital.

What happens during testing?

The first tests done include:

  • Physical examination and medical history (both partners).
  • Blood or urine tests (both partners). These tests check hormones and look for sexually transmitted infections.
  • Semen analysis (the man). This test checks the number of sperm and how they move.

If the first tests don't find a problem, the woman may have one or more of these tests:

  • Ultrasound. A pelvic ultrasound looks at the size and structure of the uterus and ovaries.
  • X-ray. A special kind of X-ray looks at the inside of the uterus and the fallopian tubes.
  • Laparoscopy. The doctor puts a thin, lighted scope through a small cut in the belly to see the organs inside.

If the problem is still not found, other tests and procedures may be done.

What can you expect after this testing?

Sometimes tests can't find the problem. And not all infertility problems can be treated. But you may still be able to get pregnant with techniques like in vitro fertilization.

What else should you know?

Infertility tests can be stressful and take a lot of time. Before you have these tests, talk with your partner about them.

In some cases, you may not find a problem even after many tests. So it is important to decide how many tests you might want to try.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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Current as of: March 16, 2017