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The female reproductive system produces hormones and makes it possible to get pregnant and give birth. It includes two ovaries, two fallopian tubes, and the uterus. It also includes the cervix, the vagina, and the vulva.
The ovaries store and release eggs (ova). After puberty, about once a month the lining of the uterus thickens. Then an ovary releases an egg. This is called ovulation.
The egg then enters the fallopian tube. This tube leads to the uterus. A pregnancy can occur if the egg is fertilized by sperm and attaches to, or implants in, the lining of the uterus. The uterus is where the fertilized egg will grow during a pregnancy. If the egg isn't fertilized, or if a fertilized egg doesn't implant, the uterus sheds its lining. This shedding is the menstrual period.
Problems with the female reproductive system may happen from time to time. These problems can be related to menstrual cycles, sex, or birth control methods. They can also be from infections, aging, medicines, or changes after pregnancy. Problems may include:
Current as of: August 2, 2022
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
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