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Adenoids are small areas of tissue at the back of the nose and throat. They are made of the same tissue that forms the tonsils. They're higher in the throat than the tonsils and usually can't be seen. They help the body fight infection.
Some children are born with large adenoids. They usually shrink as the child gets older.
When the adenoids get inflamed or swollen, it's called adenoiditis. This often happens with an infection or tonsillitis.
Large or swollen adenoids may cause symptoms such as a sore throat, trouble breathing, ear problems, or sleep problems.
Swollen adenoids may be treated at home like any sore throat. If there is an infection caused by bacteria, such as strep throat, the doctor may give your child antibiotics.
If your child gets infections often or has trouble breathing, your doctor might suggest taking out the adenoids. Surgery to remove the adenoids is called adenoidectomy.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
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Current as of: September 8, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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