Cervical dysplasia is a change in some of the cells on your cervix. These abnormal cells are not cancer.
Most dysplasia goes away on its own and doesn't cause problems. But in some cases, dysplasia grows into cancer over a period of years.
If your doctor finds dysplasia early, you may be able to wait and see how it looks on your next Pap test. If dysplasia is severe, treatment is best.
Depending on the type of dysplasia you have, your doctor may suggest:
Depending on your age and the kind of cervical dysplasia you have, you may have an HPV test. HPV testing is not available in all areas of Canada.
Even after treatment, dysplasia sometimes comes back. This is why it's important to follow up with your doctor and have regular Pap tests.
Cervical dysplasia is usually caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Many types of HPV cause warts, and a few types cause cancer. Like dysplasia, HPV often goes away without treatment.
If needed, your doctor can treat mild cervical dysplasia by freezing or lasering the abnormal cells. More severe dysplasia is usually treated by cutting out the abnormal cells.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
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Current as of: May 12, 2017
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & Femi Olatunbosun, MB, FRCSC, FACOG - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology & Kevin C. Kiley, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology
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