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Learning About Appendectomy

Appendicitis and location of appendix

What is an appendectomy?

An appendectomy is surgery to take out the appendix. This organ is a small sac that is shaped like a finger. It's attached to your large intestine.

Appendicitis happens when the appendix becomes infected and inflamed. An appendectomy is the main treatment for it. If surgery is delayed, the inflamed appendix may burst. A burst appendix can cause serious health problems.

If your appendix has burst, you may need an emergency surgery to remove the burst appendix.

How is this surgery done?

Before surgery, you will get medicine to make you sleep.

Appendectomy is usually done as a laparoscopic surgery. That means it is done with only small cuts. These cuts are called incisions. The doctor puts a lighted tube, or scope, and other surgical tools through the cuts in your belly. The doctor is able to see your organs with the scope. The doctor removes the appendix. The cuts heal quickly, and the scars usually fade over time.

In some cases, the surgery is done through a single larger cut in the belly. This is called open surgery.

What can you expect after surgery?

Most people leave the hospital 1 to 3 days after surgery. Some even go home the same day.

After you go home, it is normal to feel weak and tired for several days. Your belly may be swollen and may be painful. If you had laparoscopic surgery, you may have shoulder pain for about 24 hours.

You may also feel sick to your stomach and have diarrhea, constipation, gas, or a headache. This usually goes away in a few days.

Your recovery time depends on the type of surgery you had. If you had laparoscopic surgery, you will probably be able to go back to work or your normal routine 1 to 3 weeks after surgery. If you had an open surgery, it may take 2 to 4 weeks. If your appendix burst, you may have a drain in your incision.

Your body will work fine without an appendix. You won't have to make any changes in your diet or daily life.

After surgery, be sure to follow your doctor's advice about problems to watch for. These may include fever, worse belly pain, or problems with your incision.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

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