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Diabetes can be hard on your child's body if it's not well controlled. But having certain tests on a regular schedule can help you and your doctor find problems early, when it's easier to start managing them.
Your child's doctor may vary some of the tests, how often the tests are done, and the goals set for your child. This may depend on your child's age and size, and whether they have type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The tests your child may have include these listed here.
This test gives information about your child’s average blood sugar in the last 2 to 3 months.
This test measures the pressure of blood flow in your child's arteries. Controlling blood pressure can help prevent damage to nerves and blood vessels.
This test measures the amount of a type of fat in the blood. High cholesterol is common with diabetes. It can build up inside the blood vessels. This raises the risk for heart attack and stroke.
This test checks for kidney damage by looking for the protein albumin (say "al-BYOO-mun") in the urine. Albumin is normally found in the blood. Kidney damage can let small amounts of it (microalbumin) leak into the urine.
The blood creatinine (say "kree-AT-uh-neen") level shows how well the kidneys are working. Creatinine is a waste product that muscles release into the blood. A high level may mean the kidneys are not working as well as they should.
The doctor checks for foot sores, foot pulses, and whether any sensation has been lost.
The dentist checks for gum disease and tooth decay. Children with high blood sugar are more likely to have these problems.
High blood sugar levels can damage the eyes. This examination is done by an ophthalmologist or optometrist. It includes a dilated eye examination. The examination shows whether there's damage to the back of the eye (diabetic retinopathy).
This test checks for thyroid disease. People with diabetes have an increased risk of thyroid disease.
This test checks for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Children who have obesity are more likely to have this condition.
The doctor asks about symptoms, such as paused breathing while sleeping, snoring, morning headaches, and daytime sleepiness.
Celiac Disease screening.
This screening checks for celiac disease. People with type 1 diabetes are at a higher risk of celiac disease than people without diabetes.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
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Adaptation Date: 5/5/2021
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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