The labrum is a ring of firm tissue (cartilage) in the hip joint. It forms a cup that helps keep the bones of the hip joint in place and helps keep the joint stable. A labral tear may be caused by things such as an injury while playing contact sports. Another possible cause is normal wear and tear on the hip joint. Or it may be caused by a problem with the way the hip is formed. For example, some people are born with a thigh bone that doesn't fit tightly into the hip socket (hip dysplasia).
Symptoms of a labral tear of the hip may include:
A labral tear can be hard to diagnose. The doctor may use imaging tests such as X-rays or MRI. A special dye may be injected into your hip before you have an MRI scan. This type of scan is called an MRI arthrogram.
Rest and home care may reduce the symptoms of a labral tear. The doctor may also recommend exercises to make your hip stronger and more stable. Sometimes a steroid shot may be given to provide short-term relief from pain.
If these treatments don't help, you may have a type of surgery called arthroscopy. This surgery is done through small cuts (incisions) near the joint. It lets the doctor get a close look at the injury and do some repairs at the same time.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: March 21, 2017
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& David Bardana, MD, FRCSC - Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Kenneth J. Koval, MD - Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic Trauma & Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine
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