The hamstring muscles are the three muscles in the back of the thigh. The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that runs from the low back down the legs. Hamstring syndrome is a condition caused by pressure on this nerve. The nerve may be pinched between the hamstring muscles and the pelvic bone or by the band of tissue that connects the hamstring muscles.
This condition can cause pain in the hip and buttock and sometimes numbness down the back of the leg. It may hurt to sit down or stretch the hamstrings. You may have less pain when you lie on your back.
Hamstring syndrome may be the result of wear and tear to the back and hamstrings. It is most often seen in people who play sports that involve running, kicking, or jumping.
Other problems can cause leg pain and numbness. To diagnose hamstring syndrome, the doctor will ask about your symptoms and your activities and examine your leg.
Hamstring syndrome usually gets better in a few weeks with rest and home care. The doctor may recommend exercises to stretch and strengthen your hip muscles. If home care doesn't help, your doctor may suggest a steroid shot to help reduce pain and swelling.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: March 21, 2017
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
& Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine & David Bardana, MD, FRCSC - Orthopedic Surgery, Sports Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Patrick J. McMahon, MD - Orthopedic Surgery
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