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A person who is getting care at home may need help with eating. When helping your loved one eat, be patient and give the person plenty of time. Let the person do as much on his or her own as possible. This can help them feel more independent when having meals.
You can help by encouraging the person to choose healthy foods. If your loved one has had a stroke or has swallowing problems, dental problems, or problems with thinking or memory, you may have to provide extra help with eating and getting enough nutrition. If the person has trouble swallowing, then your doctor, a certified dietitian, or a speech therapist can give you specific instructions to help with eating.
Meals can be a great way to spend time together and talk. Eat with your loved one if you can. You may want to play soft music or have your mobile phone or the TV turned off. Try to create a pleasant mood during the meal.
The person you're caring for may have a low appetite or need some encouragement to eat regularly. Try to offer food more often, including healthy snacks, and ask what foods the person you're caring for likes best. Offer those foods when you can.
Serving meals one food at a time can also help encourage a person to eat. Try to prepare a variety of foods that look and smell good by using different flavours and colours.
Before the meal, there may be some things you can do ahead of time that will make it easier for your loved one to eat. For example, if he or she has trouble with grip, provide large-handled forks, spoons, knives, and cups that are easy to hold. Use mats and plates that won't slip. And if preparing to eat takes a long time, be sure to keep the food warm.
You may need to prepare food that's easier to chew and swallow. Here are a few things to try:
When you help someone eat, it helps to let them know how you plan to help throughout the meal. If the person has trouble hearing or understanding, use gestures to help you communicate. Make sure that you position yourself so that you're in front of the person and able to make eye contact. Don't stand over the person. It could make them feel uncomfortable.
Here are some other things to remember:
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Current as of: April 1, 2019
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & Gayle E. Stauffer, RN - Registered Nurse & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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