Radiation therapy is a treatment to destroy cancer cells or shrink tumours. One type of radiation therapy is brachytherapy (say "bray-kee-THAIR-uh-pee"). It puts the radiation source into your body, either inside the tumour or next to it.
Brachytherapy may be used to treat prostate cancer. You may have a low-dose or high-dose treatment.
The area where you had radiation may be sore for a while. You may also have some swelling. It's normal to have some blood in your semen.
Most side effects go away after treatment ends. Side effects include trouble or pain when urinating and diarrhea. But you may feel very tired for 4 to 6 weeks after your last treatment. Tell your doctor if you have problems with a specific side effect.
If you have high-dose-rate treatments, you may need to stay in the hospital until your treatments are finished.
Your doctor will tell you if you need to keep children and pregnant people at a distance for any amount of time because of the radiation you were given.
Your doctor may give you instructions on when you can do your normal activities again, such as driving and going back to work.
This care sheet gives you a general idea about how long it will take for you to recover. But each person recovers at a different pace. Follow the steps below to get better as quickly as possible.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
When should you call for help?
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
- You passed out (lost consciousness).
Call your doctor ore nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
- You have a fever.
- You have shaking chills.
- You have bleeding from your rectum.
- You have new or worse pain.
- You think you have an infection.
- You have new symptoms, such as a cough, belly pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or a rash.
- You can't pass urine.
- You have new or more blood clots in your urine. (It is normal for the urine to be pink for a few days.)
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
- You do not get better as expected.
Where can you learn more?
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
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