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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a cancer of the blood cells. It is also called acute myelogenous leukemia. In AML, some young white blood cells called myeloblasts don't mature like they should. Instead, they become leukemia cells. These leukemia cells can crowd out the healthy blood cells. This makes a child more likely to bleed, get infections, and not have enough red blood cells (anemia).
Your child's doctor will make a treatment plan based on the type of AML that your child has. Chemotherapy is usually the main treatment. Other treatments may include a stem cell transplant and targeted therapy. A clinical trial is also an option. Your child may get medicine for the side effects of treatment, such as nausea and tiredness.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your cancer clinic nurse (during regular clinic hours) or oncologist on-call (after hours) now or seek immediate medical care if:
For further information see Children’s Oncology Group Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML).
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter A275 in the search box to learn more about "Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in Children: Care Instructions".
Adaptation Date: 8/15/2023
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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