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Your chances of having a stroke depend on your risk factors. Some risks can be lowered by medicines and lifestyle changes. Others can't.
This list includes some of the risk factors for having a stroke. You and your doctor or nurse can use it to discuss your risk and how to lower it. By making a plan to lower your risk, you can give yourself some control and peace of mind.
It pushes blood through the arteries with too much force. Over time, this damages the walls of the arteries.
This problem is also called hardening of the arteries. It happens when fatty deposits build up inside arteries.
This means that there's a problem in your body that causes sugar to stay in your blood. You end up with high blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar can lead to hardening of the arteries.
This can lead to the buildup of plaque in artery walls.
This is also known as an irregular heartbeat. It increases the risk of blood clots that could cause a stroke.
This means that breathing stops for short periods during sleep.
This includes taking hormone therapy for menopause or birth control pills with estrogen.
Smoking, or even inhaling second-hand smoke, increases your risk of heart attack and stroke.
Being overweight makes it more likely you will develop high blood pressure, heart problems, and diabetes. These conditions make a stroke more likely.
If you're a man, this may mean more than 3 standard drinks a day on most days or more than 15 drinks a week. If you're a woman, this may mean more than 2 standard drinks a day on most days or more than 10 drinks a week.
If you aren't active, you have a higher risk of health conditions that make a stroke more likely.
The risk of stroke goes up as you get older.
Women have a higher risk of stroke than men.
Indigenous peoples and people of African or South Asian descent have a higher risk than those of other races.
Your chances of having a stroke are higher if other people in your family have had one.
After you've had a stroke, you're at risk for another one.
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Current as of: March 4, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Heather Quinn MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Stephen Fort MD, MRCP, FRCPC - Interventional Cardiology
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