Top of the page
Feeding a baby is an important concern for parents. Experts recommend feeding your baby only breast milk for about 6 months. They also support breastfeeding for 2 years or longer. But your baby benefits from any amount of time that you breastfeed. Try to breastfeed for as long as it works for you and your baby.
If you are unable to or choose not to breastfeed, feed your baby iron-fortified infant formula. Most babies younger than 6 months of age can get all the nutrition and fluid they need from breast milk or infant formula. But if you are breastfeeding, your baby may also need a vitamin D supplement.
Starting around 6 months of age, your baby needs solid foods along with breast milk or formula. Start with very soft foods. Offer your baby iron-rich foods first, such as iron-fortified infant cereal, finely minced meat or fish, mashed cooked egg yolk, mashed beans, or tofu. Then offer other foods from Canada's Food Guide. Your baby can eat many of the same foods the family eats. If a family member has food allergies, ask your doctor whether and how to start foods that might cause allergies. Most allergic reactions in children are caused by eggs, milk, wheat, soy, and peanuts.
Weaning is the process of switching your baby from breastfeeding to bottle-feeding, or from a breast or bottle to a cup or solid foods. Weaning usually works best when it is done gradually over several weeks, months, or even longer. It depends on how ready you and your baby are to start.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Babies ages 1 month to 5 months
Babies ages 6 months to 12 months
Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter Q717 in the search box to learn more about "Feeding Your Baby in the First Year: Care Instructions".
Adaptation Date: 7/17/2023
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 2006-2023 Healthwise, Incorporated. All rights reserved. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.