Learning About Child Car Seats
Why it is important to use child car seats
Infant and child car safety seats save lives. A child who is not in a car seat can be badly injured or killed during a crash or an abrupt stop. This can happen even at low speeds. A parent's arms are not strong enough to hold and protect a baby during a crash. Many children who are not restrained die because they are torn from an adult's arms during a crash.
For every ride in a car, make sure your child is securely strapped into a car seat. Make sure the car seat is properly installed and meets all current safety standards. Always read and follow the guidelines and instructions provided by the maker of your car seat.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Car seat guidelines
The following guidelines are from Transport Canada. Visit the Child Car Seat Safety web page at https://tc.canada.ca/en/road-transportation/child-car-seat-safety for more information.
- Stage 1: Rear-facing. Use a rear-facing car seat that reclines and faces the rear for your baby. It is safest for your baby to remain in a rear-facing infant seat until he or she reaches the maximum weight or height allowed by the car seat's manufacturer. When your child outgrows a rear-facing infant seat, look for another rear-facing car seat.
- Stage 2: Forward-facing. Use a forward-facing seat that faces the front and has a harness. Use a forward-facing seat when your child outgrows the maximum weight or height allowed by the manufacturer of the rear-facing infant seat. Keep using a forward-facing seat until your child no longer fits in it. Some infant seats can be converted into forward-facing seats.
- Stage 3: Booster seats. Use a booster seat with a regular lap and shoulder belt for children who have outgrown their forward-facing car seats. Booster seats raise the child up so that the lap and shoulder seat belts fit properly. Adjust the shoulder belt to fit across the shoulder, not the neck. Adjust the lap belt to fit across the hips, not the stomach. Use this type of seat until adult seat belts fit your child correctly.
- Stage 4: Seat belts. Keep your child in a booster seat until he or she is big enough to fit in a seat belt properly. For a seat belt to fit right, the lap belt must lie snugly across the upper thighs, not the stomach. The shoulder belt should lie snug across the shoulder and chest. It should not cross the neck or face. And your child should still ride in the back seat because it's safer there.
More safety information
- The safest place for your baby or child is in the middle of the back seat in the correct car or booster seat.
- Never place your child's car seat in the front seat of any vehicle.
- Put your infant's car seat at an angle where their head does not flop forward.
- Use the Universal Anchorage System (UAS) if you have it in your car. This feature allows parents to secure the car seat onto a permanently installed hook. Check your car owner's manual for more information.
- Don't buy a used car seat. If a car seat has been recalled or has been in an crash or misused, it may not fully protect your baby.
- If your child needs attention while you are driving, stop the car. Then take care of your child's needs. Don't let your child get out of their seat while the car is moving.
Where can you learn more?
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Current as of: September 20, 2021
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Susan C. Kim MD - Pediatrics & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & John Pope MD - Pediatrics