Chlamydia Infection in Female Teens: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that is spread through sexual contact. It can spread from one partner to another during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Most people who have chlamydia don't have symptoms. But they can still infect their sex partners.

Treatment is important. If chlamydia isn't treated, it can lead to other problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease. This can make it hard or impossible for you to get pregnant in the future.

It's easy to get chlamydia again if you are not careful. It's a good idea to start thinking about prevention now. Not having sex is the best way to prevent any sexually transmitted infection.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Chlamydia often is treated with a single dose of antibiotics in the doctor's office. If your doctor prescribed antibiotics to take at home, take them as directed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
  • Do not have sex with anyone while you are being treated. If your treatment is a single dose of antibiotics, wait at least 7 days after you take the dose before you have sex. Even if you use a condom, you and your partner may pass the infection back and forth.
  • Make sure to tell your sex partner or partners that you have chlamydia. They should get treated, even if they do not have symptoms. Don't have sex with your partner until his or her treatment is complete.
  • Your doctor may have done tests for other STIs. If so, call back in 3 or 4 days for those results.
  • Your doctor may advise you to be tested again for chlamydia in 3 or 4 months.

Preventing chlamydia and other STIs

  • You should never feel pressured to have sex. It's okay to say "no" anytime you want to stop.
  • It's important to feel safe with your sex partner and with the activities you are doing together. If you don't feel safe, talk with an adult you trust.
  • Use latex condoms every time you have sex. Use them from the beginning to the end of sexual contact. Use a female condom if your partner doesn't have or won't use a condom.
  • Talk to your partner before you have sex. Find out if he or she has or is at risk for chlamydia or any other STI. Keep in mind that a person may be able to spread an STI even if he or she does not have symptoms.
  • Do not have sex while you are being treated for chlamydia or any other STI.
  • Do not have sex with anyone who has symptoms of an STI, such as sores on the genitals or mouth.
  • Having one sex partner (who does not have STIs and does not have sex with anyone else) is a good way to avoid STIs.

When should you call for help?

Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:

  • You have sudden, severe pain in your belly or pelvis.

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have new belly or pelvic pain.
  • You have a fever.
  • You have new or increased burning or pain with urination, or you cannot urinate.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You have unusual vaginal bleeding.
  • You have a discharge from your vagina.
  • You think you may have been exposed to another STI.
  • Your symptoms get worse or have not improved within 1 week after you start treatment.
  • You have any new symptoms, such as sores, bumps, rashes, blisters, or warts in your genital or anal area.

Where can you learn more?

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Current as of: November 27, 2017