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Osteoporosis means the bones have become weak and thin enough that they can break easily. Lifestyle, certain medical conditions, medicines, and getting older can raise your risk of osteoporosis. But with enough calcium, vitamin D, and exercise, you can help prevent osteoporosis.
The preteen and teen years are a key time for bone building. With the help of calcium, vitamin D, and exercise in those early years and beyond, the bones reach their peak density and strength by age 30. After age 30, your bones naturally start to thin and weaken.
The stronger your bones are at around age 30, the lower your risk for osteoporosis. But no matter what your age and risk are, your bones still need calcium, vitamin D, and exercise to stay strong. Also avoid smoking, and limit alcohol. Smoking and heavy alcohol use can make your bones thinner.
Talk to your doctor about any special risks you might have, such as having a close relative with osteoporosis or taking a medicine that can weaken bones. Your doctor can tell you the best ways to protect your bones from thinning.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take. If you break a bone, it’s important to tell your doctor and talk about your bone health. Your doctor may recommend an osteoporosis medicine.
Get enough calcium and vitamin D.
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any problems.
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Adaptation Date: 8/17/2021
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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