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Uterine fibroids are growths in the uterus. Fibroids aren't cancer. Doctors don't know what causes fibroids. Fibroids are very common during child-bearing years.
Fibroids can grow on the inside of the uterus, in the muscle wall of the uterus, or near the outside wall of the uterus. In some people, fibroids cause painful cramps and heavy periods. In these cases, an intrauterine device (IUD) can help decrease symptoms. It can also help to take anti-inflammatory medicines or birth control pills. Sometimes surgery is needed to treat fibroids. But if you are near menopause, you may want to wait and see if your symptoms get better.
Most fibroids shrink and go away after menopause. This occurs when your periods stop completely.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter B121 in the search box to learn more about "Uterine Fibroids: Care Instructions".
Adaptation Date: 11/19/2021
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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