Bone marrow aspiration is a procedure that takes out a small amount of bone marrow fluid through a needle. Bone marrow biopsy uses a needle to take out a small amount of bone with the marrow inside it. These samples are then checked under a microscope. The hip bone is the most commonly used area for these procedures.
Aspiration and biopsy are often done to find a blood problem or an infection. They also may be used to find out if a cancer has spread to the bone marrow.
You may get medicine to help you relax before the procedure. The doctor will inject numbing medicine in the skin over your bone. He or she will put a needle through your skin and into your bone to reach the bone marrow. You may feel pressure or some dull pain during the procedure. After the doctor takes the sample, he or she will remove the needle. The doctor may need to take more than one sample. This can come from the same spot or from a different area on your body. When the procedure is done, the doctor or a nurse will put pressure on the area to stop any bleeding.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter Y063 in the search box to learn more about "Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy: Before Your Procedure".
Current as of: October 14, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
© 2006-2017 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.