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Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is cancer of the blood cells. It is the most common cancer in children. Newer treatments are helping children to live longer.
In ALL, the body starts making abnormal white blood cells that can crowd out the healthy blood cells. This makes a child more likely to bleed, get infections, and not have enough red blood cells (anemia).
Treating this type of leukemia may take several years. It usually involves medicines, such as chemotherapy. In some cases, radiation, a stem cell transplant, or gene therapy may be needed. Your child may have side effects from treatment, such as nausea and tiredness. Your child's care team will work with you to help your child feel better and to prevent infections.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Call 911 anytime you think your child may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your cancer clinic nurse (during regular clinic hours) or oncologist on-call (after hours) now or seek immediate medical care if:
For further information see Children's Oncology Group Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL).
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Adaptation Date: 11/1/2022
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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