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During total hip replacement surgery, your doctor replaces the worn parts of your hip joint with artificial parts made of metal, ceramic, or plastic.
You may want this surgery if you have hip pain and trouble moving that you can't treat in other ways. Osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can cause these types of problems. Another cause is bone loss due to a poor blood supply.
Hip replacement is sometimes done after a hip fracture. To learn more, go to Learning about Surgery to Repair a Hip Fracture.
Hip replacement surgery is done through one or two cuts (incisions). The cuts may be toward the front (anterior) of your hip, or they may be on the side or toward the back (posterior). You and your doctor can discuss which surgery is best for you.
You may have anesthesia to block pain and medicine to make you drowsy. Or you may get medicine to make you sleep. After making the incision, your doctor will:
There are 3 types of hip replacement surgery. Your surgeon will talk with you about the type that’s best for you.
Sometimes a doctor uses a cemented ball and an uncemented socket.
Your doctor can tell you which type of new hip joint is best for you.
Your healthcare team will help you move from your bed to a chair. They’ll also help you stand and walk within 4 hours of your surgery. You’ll be able to do more activity every day. You’ll also begin a program to make your hip stronger and help you gain more flexibility and range of movement.
During the first week or so after surgery, you will need less and less pain medicine. For a few weeks after surgery, you will probably take medicine to prevent blood clots.
Your healthcare team will tell you when you can walk on your own, drive, return to work, and get back to other activities.
It usually takes a few months to get back to full activity.
First 3 months after surgery
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
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Adaptation Date: 10/10/2023
Adapted By: Alberta Health Services
Adaptation Reviewed By: Alberta Health Services
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