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Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are those diseases spread by sexual contact. There are at least 20 different STIs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS. Bacteria-caused STIs can be treated and cured. STIs caused by viruses, such as HIV, can be treated but not cured. Some STIs can reduce a woman's chances of getting pregnant in the future.
STIs are spread during sexual contact, such as vaginal intercourse and oral or anal sex.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
It's easier to prevent an STI than it is to treat one.
Vaccines are available for some STIs, such as HPV. Ask your doctor for more information.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
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Current as of: February 26, 2020
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:John Pope MD - Pediatrics & Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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