Trichomoniasis: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is spread by having sex with an infected partner. Trichomoniasis is commonly called trich (say "trick"). In women, trich may cause vaginal itching and a smelly discharge. But in many cases, especially in men, there are no symptoms.

Trich is treated so that you do not spread it to others. Both you and your sex partner or partners should be treated at the same time so you do not infect each other again. Trich may cause problems with pregnancy. Your doctor will talk with you about treatment for Trich if you are pregnant.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Take your antibiotics as directed. Do not stop taking them just because you feel better. You need to take the full course of antibiotics.
  • Do not have sex while you are being treated. If your doctor gave you a single dose of antibiotics, do not have sex for one week after being treated and until your partner also has been treated.
  • Tell your sex partner (or partners) that he or she will also need to be tested and treated.
  • Use a cold water compress or cool baths to relieve itching.

To prevent trichomoniasis in the future

  • Use latex condoms every time you have sex. Use them from the beginning to the end of sexual contact.
  • Talk to your partner before having sex. Find out if he or she has or is at risk for trich or any other STI. Keep in mind that a person may be able to spread an STI even if he or she does not have symptoms.
  • Do not have sex if you are being treated for trich or any other STI.
  • Do not have sex with anyone who has symptoms of an STI, such as sores on the genitals or mouth.
  • Having one sex partner (who does not have STIs and does not have sex with anyone else) is a good way to avoid STIs.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • You have unusual vaginal bleeding.
  • You have a fever.
  • You have new discharge from the vagina or penis.
  • You have pelvic pain.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You do not get better as expected.
  • You have any new symptoms or your symptoms get worse.

Where can you learn more?

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Current as of: November 27, 2017