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Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a type of cancer that begins in the lymph system. White blood cells called lymphocytes grow abnormally and out of control. The cells can form lumps of tissue called tumours.
NHL may occur in a single lymph node, a group of lymph nodes, or an organ. It can spread to almost any part of the body. This can include the liver, bone marrow, and spleen.
NHL is not contagious and is not caused by an injury.
Treatment for NHL depends on the type and stage of the lymphoma. It is usually treated with medicines called chemotherapy. Your doctor may also give you medicines that work on the body's immune system (immunotherapy). You may also need radiation treatments or a procedure called a stem cell transplant. Your doctor will talk to you about what kind of treatment may be best for you.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse advice line (811 in most provinces and territories) if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. For example, call if:
Call your doctor or nurse advice line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse advice line if:
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Current as of: March 1, 2023
Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review:Adam Husney MD - Family Medicine & E. Gregory Thompson MD - Internal Medicine & Kathleen Romito MD - Family Medicine
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.
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