Epididymitis is pain and swelling of the tube (epididymis) that attaches to each testicle. Orchitis is pain and swelling of the testicle. Infection with bacteria often causes these conditions. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) also can cause both conditions, especially in men younger than 35. Other causes in boys and older men are infections from surgery or from a catheter that drains urine. The mumps virus also can cause orchitis.
Pain medicine or anti-inflammatory medicines can help with discomfort. Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections that cause these conditions. Antibiotics do not help and are not used if a virus caused your infection. Your testicle may stay swollen for several days or even a few weeks.
The doctor has checked you carefully, but problems can develop later. If you notice any problems or new symptoms, get medical treatment right away.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:
Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:
Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd
Enter S360 in the search box to learn more about "Epididymitis and Orchitis: Care Instructions".
Current as of: May 12, 2017
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
©2006-2018 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
Care instructions adapted under license by your healthcare professional. If you have questions about a medical condition or this instruction, always ask your healthcare professional. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information.