Otosclerosis: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Otosclerosis occurs when bone in the middle ear grows more than it should. This bone growth keeps the ear from working well and can cause hearing loss. In some cases, hearing loss can be severe.

Doctors do not know for sure what causes otosclerosis. It may run in families. A person who has a parent with this condition is more likely to get it. It may also be caused by changes in hormones that happen during pregnancy or by infection with certain viruses.

If you have hearing loss, hearing aids may help you hear better. In some cases, surgery is needed to restore hearing.

Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if you are having problems. It’s also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.

How can you care for yourself at home?

  • Talk to a doctor who specializes in ear and hearing disorders to find out if you need a hearing aid. If you do, another type of specialist (audiologist) can help you decide what type and style of hearing aid is best for you.
  • If you have surgery:
    • Do not blow your nose for 1 week after surgery.
    • Protect your ears from loud noises or sudden changes in pressure, such as going to very high or very low elevations, until your ear has healed.
    • Avoid people or situations that could cause infections.
    • Try not to strain yourself by lifting anything.
    • Your doctor may have more instructions. Follow them closely.

When should you call for help?

Call your doctor or nurse call line now or seek immediate medical care if:

  • Your hearing loss gets worse after surgery.
  • You have pain in your ear.
  • You have a fever.
  • You feel dizzy.

Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor or nurse call line if:

  • You do not get better as expected.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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Current as of: July 29, 2016