A bunionectomy is surgery to remove a lump of bone from your foot. This lump is called a bunion. It forms on the
joint where your big toe joins your foot. The surgery will also straighten your
big toe. Your doctor will make one or more small cuts near your toe
joint. These cuts are called incisions. The doctor will remove small pieces of bone and may straighten your toe. This is done
by cutting the bone and setting it in a new position. Your toe may be held in
place with pins, screws, wires, or staples. These may stay in your toe. Or they may be
removed after about 4 weeks. The surgery will leave scars that fade with
The surgery may make walking easier. It may reduce stiffness,
pain, or swelling in your toe joint. It may also improve the way your
Your doctor will give you medicine to help you relax and to
numb your foot. Or you may get medicine to put you to sleep.
You will probably go home on the day of your surgery. If your surgery is more complex, you may need to spend the night in the hospital.
How soon you can put weight on your toe depends on how complex your
surgery is. It may take 6 weeks or longer before swelling goes down and you
have healed enough to return to your normal routine. You may have some swelling
and pain for as long as 6 months to a year.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go
to all appointments, and call your doctor if you are having problems. It's also
a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you
Surgery can be
stressful. This information will help you understand what you can expect. And it will help you safely prepare for surgery.
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Current as of:
May 23, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
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