Anal Fissure in Children: Care Instructions

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Your Care Instructions

Anal fissure

An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anus). It can itch and cause pain. There may be bright red blood on the toilet paper after your child wipes. A fissure may form if your child is constipated and tries to pass a large, hard stool. It may also form if your child doesn't relax the anal muscles during a bowel movement.

Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. If your child has an anal fissure that takes more time to heal, your doctor may prescribe medicine. In rare cases, surgery may be needed.

Anal fissures don't cause colon cancer. And they don't lead to other serious problems. But if your child has blood mixed in with the stool, talk to your doctor.

Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.

How can you care for your child at home?

  • Be safe with medicines. If the doctor prescribed cream or ointment, use it exactly as prescribed. Call your doctor if you think your child is having a problem with his or her medicine.
  • Have your child sit in a few centimetres of warm water (sitz bath) 3 times a day and after bowel movements. The warm water helps the area heal and eases soreness. Do not put soaps, salts, or shampoos in the water.
  • Avoid constipation:
    • Include fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains in your child's diet each day. These foods are high in fibre.
    • Give your child lots of fluids, enough so that the urine is light yellow or clear like water.
    • Encourage your child to be active each day. Your child may like to take a walk with you, ride a bike, or play sports.
    • If your doctor recommends it, have your child take a fibre supplement, such as Benefibre or Metamucil, every day if needed. Read and follow all instruction on the label.
    • Have your child use the toilet when he or she feels the urge. Or when you can, schedule time each day for a bowel movement. A daily routine may help. Ask your child to take time and not strain when having a bowel movement. Do not let your child sit on the toilet too long.
  • Have your child support his or her feet with a small step stool when sitting on the toilet. This helps flex the hips. It places the pelvis in a squatting position.
  • Your doctor may recommend an over-the-counter laxative, such as Milk of Magnesia. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Don't use these medicines on a long-term basis.
  • Don't use over-the-counter ointments or creams without talking to your doctor. Some of them may not help.
  • If your doctor recommends it, use-or have your child use-baby wipes or medicated pads, such as Preparation H or Tucks. Use them instead of toilet paper to clean after a bowel movement. These products do not irritate the anus.
  • Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. If the doctor gave your child a prescription medicine for pain, give it as prescribed. If your child is not taking a prescription pain medicine, ask your doctor if your child can take an over-the-counter medicine. Do not give aspirin to anyone younger than 18. It has been linked to Reye syndrome, a serious illness.

When should you call for help?

Watch closely for changes in your child's health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:

  • Your child does not get better as expected.
  • Your child has several fissures.
  • Your child has trouble passing stools.
  • Your child has any new symptoms, such as blood in the stools.

Where can you learn more?

Go to https://www.healthwise.net/patientEd

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