Testicles are the organs that make sperm. While a baby boy grows in the womb, the testicles are in his belly. Before birth, they usually move into the scrotum. The scrotum is the sac below the penis.
Sometimes, one or both testicles don't move into the scrotum. Surgery can fix this problem.
If the testicle is in the groin, the doctor makes one cut in the groin and another in the scrotum. The cuts are called incisions. The doctor makes a pouch in the scrotum. Then he or she carefully moves the testicle into the pouch.
If the testicle is in the belly, the doctor may do a laparoscopic surgery. In this surgery, the doctor puts a lighted tube with special tools through small incisions in your child's belly and scrotum. The tube is called a scope. It lets the doctor see the testicle. Then the doctor can guide it to the scrotum.
At the end of either surgery, the doctor closes the incisions with stitches. Your child will have scars that will fade with time.
Your child will be asleep during the surgery. The doctor may use pain medicine to numb the nerves in the surgery area. This is called a nerve block. It helps control pain for several hours after surgery.
You will probably be able to take your child home 2 to 4 hours after surgery. You can expect your child to go back to most activities in 2 to 3 days.
This surgery may increase the chances that your child will be able to father a child later in life. It also makes it easier to feel the testicles and check for testicular cancer later in life.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child takes.
Surgery can be stressful both for your child and for you. This information will help you understand what you can expect. And it will help you safely prepare for your child's surgery.
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Current as of: March 20, 2018
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
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