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The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is caused by a virus. COVID-19 symptoms are a lot like symptoms of the flu (influenza) or other illnesses that affect the lungs and airways (called respiratory illnesses). COVID-19 can cause:
If you're an adult and have any of these symptoms, you should isolate. To learn more, see isolation recommendations.
For children and anyone over 18 years of age attending high school, use the daily screening checklist every day before they go to school, child care, or other activities. If your child has symptoms, follow the advice on the checklist.
If you are tested, follow instructions at ahs.ca/results based on your test results.
Other symptoms can include:
If you have any of the other symptoms, stay home and limit your contact with others until your symptoms go away.
Most people (about 80%) have only mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. But people who are very sick may need care in a hospital. In severe cases, COVID-19 can cause pneumonia, make it hard to breathe without help, and can even lead to death.
This virus spreads person-to-person through droplets from coughing and sneezing. It may also spread by touching something that has the virus on it, such as a doorknob or a tabletop, and then touching your face.
The virus is diagnosed with a test that uses a swab of fluid from your nose or throat. You may have other tests, such as blood tests and a computed tomography (CT) scans of the lungs. But even if you don't have a test, you may be told you probably have the virus based on your symptoms and history.
If you think you've been exposed to COVID-19 and have symptoms, take the COVID-19 Self-Assessment.
If you have mild symptoms, you can care for yourself at home. You can take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for a fever or pain if it’s safe for you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you’re not sure.
In Alberta, Paxlovid and Remdesivir are 2 medicines for people with COVID-19. These treatments are for people with mild to moderate symptoms who are not in the hospital (outpatients). Paxlovid needs to be taken within 5 days of symptoms starting. Remdesivir needs to be taken within 7 days of symptoms starting.
To learn more and see who is eligible for Paxlovid or Remdesivir treatment, go to Outpatient Treatment for COVID-19 | Alberta Health Services.
People with COVID-19 who are in the hospital with more serious symptoms get treatment such as oxygen, steroids and help with breathing.
In Alberta, Evusheld is a medicine to prevent COVID-19. This medicine is for people who, because of a health condition, may not get enough protection from COVID-19 immunization. Evusheld does not replace the COVID-19 vaccine. To learn more and see who is eligible for Evusheld, visit Outpatient Treatment for COVID-19 | Alberta Health Services.
If you’ve been diagnosed with COVID-19 or have symptoms of COVID-19, you should isolate. To learn more, see isolation recommendations.
Take the COVID-19 Self-Assessment to know if you need to be tested for COVID-19.
Call Health Link at 811 as soon as you have symptoms. Call ahead from home before going to a healthcare facility, such as a doctor’s office or walk-in clinic.
Call 911 if you're seriously ill and need medical help right away. Tell them that you may have COVID-19.
Follow-up care is a key part of your treatment and safety. Be sure to make and keep all your healthcare appointments, and call your doctor or Health Link at 811 if you’re having problems. It's also a good idea to know your test results and keep a list of the medicines you take.
You can find the latest information about COVID-19 from these sources:
Call 911 anytime you think you may need emergency care. Tell them you have COVID-19 symptoms.
For example, call if:
Call your doctor or Health Link at 811 now or get medical care right away if:
Whether you have symptoms or not, call your doctor's office before you go. If you have symptoms, make sure you wear a face mask when you go to the doctor to stop the virus from spreading.
To see this information online and learn more, visit MyHealth.Alberta.ca/health/pages/conditions.aspx?Hwid=custom.ack9673ahs.
Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Care instructions
For 24/7 nurse advice and general health information call Health Link at 811.
Current as of: June 16, 2022
Author: Adapted from Healthwise
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.