The heart is a muscular pump. Its job is to send oxygen-rich blood from the lungs out to the body and bring oxygen-poor blood from the body back to the lungs. Tetralogy of Fallot (say "fuh-LOH") is a set of four different heart defects that a child may have at birth:
The heart defects change the way blood flows through the heart, lungs, and body. They can keep your child from getting enough oxygen in all parts of his or her body.
Symptoms of tetralogy of Fallot may include:
Your doctor will do tests to see how severe the problem is. These tests may include an electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG), echocardiogram, or MRI scan.
Your doctor will fix the defects with surgery. If your child is premature or small, your doctor may do some surgery soon after birth and then more surgery when your child is older.
Your child will need follow-up care in the future to prevent more heart problems.
Once the heart defects are repaired, your child has a good chance of living a healthy, normal life.
Your doctor can tell you if your child should limit activity or participation in sports. Even if your child has restrictions, your doctor can help create exercise plans so that your child can stay healthy and active.
Follow-up care is a key part of your child's treatment and safety. Be sure to make and go to all appointments, and
call your doctor or nurse call line if your child is having problems. It's also a good idea to
know your child's test results and keep a list of the medicines your child
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Current as of:
January 27, 2016
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
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