Children need the love and support of trusted adults when a death by suicide happens. It can be hard to give this support, especially if you're going through your own grief. You may worry or feel unsure of what to say to a child about death and suicide.
This information can help you talk to a child about a suicide and gives you ways to support them in their grief. It's for parents and caregivers, but it can also help other trusted adults support a child who is grieving.
Note: “Child and children” mean children of all ages, including teens, unless talking about a specific age.
Children can learn about a suicide in many ways. They might:
Children can often tell when something bad has happened. It’s hard to know what to tell a child after a suicide. You may think you’re protecting a child if you don’t tell them the truth about the cause of death. But not knowing the truth can stop a child from grieving. And when a child thinks you’re lying to them, they feel confused, hurt, and alone.
You don’t need to protect children from their feelings. But you need to help support them to accept and express their feelings in healthy ways. The best ways to support a child are to:
It can be confusing and hard for people of any age when someone close to them dies by suicide. Finding the right words isn’t easy, but it’s important that children understand what you tell them.
Make what you tell them fit their age. Tell them what happened using simple and direct language. Use the words “death” and “died.” Expressions like the following may confuse a child when you talk about death:
Try not to share too many details or talk about how the suicide happened. These details can really upset a child.
If you find it’s too hard for you to explain death and suicide, ask a friend or family member to be with you when you talk to your child.
Children may ask a lot of questions to help them understand suicide, such as, “Why didn’t they want to live?” Answer these questions as best you can using simple words that they understand. Tell them you don’t have all the answers, but you’re always there to talk and listen. Children will tell you what they need to know. You only need to answer what they ask you. It’s important to remind them that they can talk about it and ask you questions.
Children learn how to deal with grief by watching adults. It’s OK for them to see you upset, confused, and not know what to do. When they see how you feel, it helps them understand that their feelings are normal and OK.
Remind children that the suicide wasn’t their fault. Make sure children don’t feel responsible for what happened or for the way you feel. They need to know it’s not their job to make you feel better.
Children grieve in different ways than adults because they don’t understand death the same way. Children grieve in bits and pieces. They may not be able to handle strong feelings for long and tend to have many different feelings and reactions.
Children take breaks from their grief by doing their regular day-to-day activities. They often express their feelings through how they act (behaviours) rather than words. Children may react to death by:
Help them find healthy ways to express themselves through art, activity, and play.
Children understand things differently as they get older. Teenagers may become withdrawn and not want to talk. Respect their need for personal space, but gently remind them that you are there if they need you.
Let children know that you and others will still take care of them. This lets them focus on their own grief. Make sure they understand that suicide is not a way to solve problems, and there are better ways to deal with problems.
Children need a lot of support and comfort when someone they know dies. It can be hard to support a grieving child when you’re dealing with grief yourself. If you need help and support, talk to someone you trust or get help from a mental health therapist or a suicide grief support group. By getting support, you’ll be better able to support the children in your life during this hard time. Other examples of supports include:
Current as of: March 22, 2021
Author: Provincial Injury Prevention, Alberta Health Services
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.