The CAGE Questionnaire is a reliable, easily administered acronym screening tool that can aide in assessment and management of problem alcohol use. The CAGE Questionnaire was developed in 1970 by Dr. John A. Ewing as a tool for identifying individuals with undisclosed alcohol misuse.
Ewing, JA, Rouse, BA. (1970). Identifying the hidden alcoholic. In: Proceedings of the 29 the International Congress on Alcohol and Drug Dependence, February 3, Sydney, Australia.
Ewing, JA. (1984). Detecting Alcoholism: the CAGE Questionnaire. Journal of the American Medical Association; 252 (14): 1905-1907.
The Opioid Risk Tool (ORT) is an office-based, 5-question assessment designed to predict which patients may develop aberrant, drug-related behaviors based on known risk factors associated with abuse or addiction. The ORT can either be self-administered by the patient (patient form) at the initial clinic visit or completed by the physician as part of the patient interview (clinician form).
Webster LR. (2005). Predicting aberrant behaviors in opioid-treated patients: Preliminary validation of the opioid risk tool. Pain Medicine; 6(6):432-442.
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