In this section, you will learn:
- what self-management means
- how practising good self-management habits can help you manage your blood glucose
- what self-management habits you should practise
You need different things to manage type 1 diabetes. You need the right tools, like:
- an insulin pump
- insulin pens
- glucose meters
You also need good self-management habits. Self-management means you’re the one taking action to manage your type 1 diabetes as best you can. Good self-management habits are important things
you can do regularly to help keep your blood glucose in your target range.
Here are some good self-management habits you can practise. They can help you whether you’re on insulin pump therapy or not:
- Test your blood glucose before all meals and bedtime (at least 4 times a day).
- Keep records of your blood glucose, food, and exercise.
- Look at your records for patterns of high or low blood glucose.
- Change your insulin, food, or exercise to try and have fewer high and low blood glucose levels based on your records.
- Use methods like carbohydrate counting and insulin-to-carbohydrate ratios to match the insulin you need with how much carbohydrate you’re eating.
- Do your best to be healthy, such as by eating well, exercising, managing stress, and taking your medicine the way your doctor prescribed it.
- Have your
A1c values (3-month average blood glucose) done when your diabetes team recommends, about every 3 to 4 months. Know what your A1c is and what it means.
- Get a yearly screening to check for other health problems (also called complications) from diabetes.
- Follow up with your diabetes team any time you need help:
- practising healthy habits
- solving problems with your blood glucose patterns
- dealing with any issue that’s stopping you from taking care of your health
Talk to your diabetes team for more advice and ideas to help you manage your blood glucose.