Two of the hormones that affect our patterns of waking up and sleeping are adenosine and melatonin.
Adenosine builds up in our body throughout the day making us feel tired. While we’re sleeping, it breaks down, so in the morning we wake up refreshed.
Melatonin also helps our body to sleep. The amount of melatonin produced is affected by light. As natural light dims in the evening, our bodies make melatonin, which helps us fall asleep. The smallest amount of light can slow down how much melatonin the body makes. This light could be from artificial light, TVs, alarm clocks, computers and tablets, or street lights.
In the winter, it can be easier to fall asleep and stay asleep because of the shorter days and less exposure to natural light. In the summer, the opposite can occur. It can be harder to falls asleep and stay asleep with the longer days.
Other things that affect our sleep:
During the day:
In the evening:
To learn more about your risk of falling complete the
“Is there a chance you might fall?” checklist.
Current as of: June 30, 2019
Author: Fall Risk Management Program
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