According to the law in Alberta, the driver must make sure passengers under 16 years of age are buckled up correctly.
For children under 18 kg (40 lb) and under 6 years of age the law says:
Using a car seat properly will reduce the likelihood of a child being injured or killed in a crash by as much as 71%.
A child is safest in a rear-facing car seat until they are at least 2 years old or reach the maximum weight or height limit for the rear-facing seat (as stated by the manufacturer).
Rear-facing car seats that have higher weight and height limits are preferred. They will keep a child in the safer, rear-facing position beyond age 2.
Don’t rush to put your child in a forward-facing seat -- the rear-facing position is the safest.
A child who is at least 2 years old or has reached the maximum weight or height limit of the rear-facing seat (as stated by the manufacturer) should ride in a forward-facing car seat.
A child should stay in the forward-facing car seat until they reach the maximum weight or height limit of the seat (as stated by the manufacturer).
Some forward-facing seats may be used with the 5 point harness up to 30 kg (65 lb).
An adult seat belt alone does not properly fit a child’s body—it rides too high on the belly and neck. This can cause serious injuries in a crash. A booster seat helps the seat belt safely fit a child’s body.
Once a child has reached the maximum forward-facing weight or height limit of their car seat (as stated by the manufacturer), they should move into a booster seat.
A child is safest in a booster seat until they reach the maximum weight or height limit of the seat (as stated by the manufacturer).
As a parent or caregiver, you have the knowledge and skills to transport your child safely. There are also many educational resources available. You are the car seat inspector! Do it right every time.
Current as of: April 2, 2019
Author: Provincial Injury Prevention Program, Alberta Health Services
This material is not a substitute for the advice of a qualified health professional. This material is intended for general information only and is provided on an "as is", "where is" basis. Although reasonable efforts were made to confirm the accuracy of the information, Alberta Health Services does not make any representation or warranty, express, implied or statutory, as to the accuracy, reliability, completeness, applicability or fitness for a particular purpose of such information. Alberta Health Services expressly disclaims all liability for the use of these materials, and for any claims, actions, demands or suits arising from such use.